The music of Ethiopia is diverse including range of sounds and rhythm found in various ethnic groups. Folk music dominates the culture and religious music is also common especially in Christians and Muslims. A special Muslims musical form called manzuma is played in northeastern Ethiopia in Wollo. Musical instruments such as masinko, krar, negarit(a drum), lyre, musical bows, bamboo flute, Trumpet, sistrum and drums are used in various musical forms. There are many orchestra brands in the country and some of the famous musicians are Mahmoud Ahmed, Bizunesh Bekele, Alemayehu Eshete, Ali Birra and Hirut Bekele.
The traditional cloth of Ethiopian woman is called shemma, which is used to make habesha qemis , a kind of women dress. It is a cotton cloth 90 cm long sewn together, sometimes, with shiny threads to give the bright elegant effect. Shawls are commonly worn to different occasions and men wear knee length shirt having a white collar and sometimes, sweater. Use of heavy embroidery and jewelry of gold and silver is also found in Ethiopian culture.
There is a host of traditional costumes which the people of Ethiopia have. Women of Tigray and Amhara generally wear ‘Sheruba’, a type of plait worn by Ethiopian women on their hair. Today a number of designer dresses are worn in Ethiopia and western dresses have replaced traditional clothing. Traditional dresses are now only seen during religious ceremonies or festivals.
The Ethiopian cuisine includes arrange of vegetables and meat based dishes which are prepared as thick stew or wat. Most of the Ethiopians are adhered to Orthodox Church, Islam or Judaism and hence, eating pork is strictly prohibited.
Ethiopian government controls majority of media sections including the TV and the radio, and there are nine radio broadcast stations in the country which have been given license by the government to operate. The single broadcast network in the country is Ethiopian Television, while now adays private television and radio broadcast is provided in many languages. The print media serves only a section of literate population and the leading newspaper of the country are the Daily Monitor, Addis Zemen, and the Ethiopian Herald.
The common Ethiopian festivals are – Timkat-Feast of the Epiphany, Enkutatash, Maskal and Kullubi. Timkat-Feast of the Epiphany is a three day festival which is taken part by ten commandants from church and a procession of tabots is taken to the church. On September 11, New Year (Enkutatash) is celebrated in Ethiopia which marks the end of rains as the regions is covered by wild flowers and children wear new clothes and people participate in dancing and singing.
The main sports in Ethiopia are track and field (particularly long distance running) and football. Ethiopian athletes have won many Olympic gold medals in track and field, most of them in long distance running.Haile Gebrselassie is a world-renowned long distance runner with several world records under his belt. Kenenisa Bekele,Meseret Defar and Tirunesh Dibaba are also dominant runners, particularly in the 5,000 and 10,000 meters in which they hold the world records.